Author Archives: ganejaa

Ester de Jong

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Ester J. de Jong is Professor in ESOL/Bilingual Education, and the Director of the School of Teaching and Learning. She teaches courses in ESOL/bilingual education and in curriculum, methods, and assessment for English speakers of other languages.  Prior to academia, she worked for the K-12 public schools in Massachusetts as the Assistant Director for Bilingual Education and ESL programs. Her research focuses on two-way bilingual education, language-in-education policy, and mainstream teacher preparation for bilingual students.  Her book “Foundations for Multilingualism in Education: From Principles to Practice” (Caslon Publishing, 2011) addresses policies and practices of responding to increasing linguistic diversities in schools. She is currently co-PI for a Center of Excellence in Elementary Teacher Preparation grant.  She was recently elected President-Elect for the TESOL International Association.

Thank you for joining us as a guest on the NNEST of the Month Blog!

  1. Could you start by telling us a little about your academic and professional background? What are your current research areas, and how did they become so?

I completed my master’s degree in Language and Literature Studies at Tilburg University in the Netherlands.  My specialization was in Language and Language Minorities and my thesis focused on teaching vocabulary through picture books.  As part of my studies I became interested in bilingual education as a means to create more equitably schooling opportunities for bilingual learners. So when I had to choose an internship as part of my studies, I wanted to do this somewhere where bilingual programs were in place. At the time, my choices were the UK, Sweden, and the US and I was fortunate that one of my professors had a colleague at the Department of Education in Massachusetts. I did my internship there and learned about two-way immersion programs and realized that this model had an amazing potential for all learners.  Since then, one strand of my research has focused on two-way immersion programs; the other strand has focused on mainstream teacher preparation for English language learners as this is the context where I am working now at the University of Florida.

  1. As an expert in bilingual education and language policy, what intersection do you see (if any) between NNEST issues and those faced by bilingual students?

I believe there are many intersections. One intersection is the power of labels and negotiating the positive and negative associations with different labels and the implications that come when we use labels.  We are bilingual users of multiple languages.  I like that term because it recognizes the bilingualism and multilingualism of the individuals involved. Another shared experience is the constant challenge of not being recognized for who you are and what assets you bring into the classroom. Many bilingual teachers and learners continue to be judged against a standard that reflects a deficit model rather than a model that recognizes linguistic and cultural diversity as a resource. Bilingual learners continue to be measured against a monolingual, native speaker norm just like many teachers who have learned English as an additional language.

  1. A major theme of the Summit on the Future of the TESOL Profession was reimagining the profession as an agent of change. How do you think individual students, teachers, and teacher educators can resist native speakerism?

I think this begins in our daily interactions: being aware of how monolingual perspectives permeate much of what we do and countering these discourses through our own actions.  Building critical language awareness that helps students and teachers identify how, for example, standard language ideologies and stereotypes as well as fragmented notions of bilingualism are enacted in many ways: through our choices of curriculum, pedagogy, and assessment; our research designs and questions; our formal, explicit policies. Examples include: Teacher educators can build better understandings of bilingual development, bilingual language use and the many benefits of bilingualism; teachers can choose children’s literature that reflect multiple experiences in multiple languages and choose to engage students in critical conversations about language, power, and language use. For others, broader engagement with local, state, and national policies may be the way to build this counter discourse.

  1. What abilities and responsibilities do you think TESOL professionals have to support mainstream teachers in working with ELLs?

In the United States, many English language learners find themselves in mainstream classrooms and if the mainstream teacher is lucky, there is an ESL specialist in the school to work with them.  The ELL teacher of today functions in many capacities: the role of coach, professional development provider, co-planner and co-teacher. In other context, co-teaching is also becoming more common. Again, in the United States in particular, the English language teaching specialist is absolutely central to ensuring that ELLs’ needs are met in the context of a mainstream classroom. One of our tasks is to be able to clearly articulate the expertise we bring to the table and work with administrators to support the valuing of this expertise. 

  1. In your article, “Preparing Mainstream Teachers for Multilingual Classrooms”, you advocate for a multilingual orientation in English language education to counterbalance monolingual stances. In your opinion, what are some of the pedagogical practices that the so-called monolingual teachers can engage in to adopt this multilingual orientation? 

Mainstream teachers can do a number of things: include literature from around the world and in different languages; use bilingual books as part of their teaching; allow for students’ use of the native language when working on specific tasks (even though the product may be in English); explore multilingual websites; invite multilingual guest speakers; create spaces (e.g., morning meeting) where everybody learns new key phrases in other languages; promote the value of bilingualism and make a visible effort to learn the language and about the language.

  1. As President-Elect of TESOL International, what opportunities do you see for TESOL as a professional organization to increase equity in the field?

A commitment to diversity and equity is an important value and TESOL works very hard to educate the public, other organizations about English language learning and teaching and the implications for schools, the workplace, and other settings. We have published a number of briefs ( and position statements  ( that are resources for our members to use to advocate for equity in resources, in ensuring quality practices, and anti-discriminatory policies.

  1. To build on the previous question – in the NNEST Electronic Village Online session, one question was how we as scholars and advocates can affect change in the private sector. What thoughts do you have on this question?

The private sector often operates on other principles than the public sector and are under a different set of obligations and responsibilities. This can make it difficult to have a direct impact. I think we continue to educate and position ourselves as the go-to resource.  As TESOL and ELT experts we are in a unique position to provide different stakeholders with the information that they can use to inform decision-making. Here is a challenge for our researchers as well as practitioners: what are the policy issues we need to be able to respond to and what kind of research (data) do we need to be able to contribute to identifying solutions for our English language teachers and students?

  1. Many of our readers are young scholars and professionals interested in becoming leaders in professional organizations. What are a few concrete steps they would take to reach this goal?

TESOL has many pathways for member involvement and engagement. Our new MyTESOL Community is one of several wonderful mechanisms to become part of multiple communities. I would encourage young scholars to connect at TESOL to a smaller group, such as the interest sections (, where there are often many mentoring and leadership opportunities. At the convention, attend their business meeting and meet others who share your passions. TESOL also has a call for volunteers for members on professional councils, proposal reviewers, and the like – become a member of these entities to understand what these groups do and be an active contributor. Partake in one of the leadership certificate programs ( Personally, I started out locally first – I became a member of our state affiliate, Sunshine State TESOL, and had an opportunity to become part of their Board and built many of my initial leadership skills there ( This gave me the confidence to step up to become a member at large in the Bilingual Education Interest Section and then chair of BEIS.  After BEIS leadership, I became member of the Nominating Committee, followed by three years on the Board of Directors. And now, of course, I have the honor of being the President-Elect for TESOL. There’s many ways to become involved and become a leader in TESOL!

SoHee Kim


SoHee Kim is currently a PhD student in the Department of English Language Education at Korea University. She has taught college-level English in the USA and academic English at Gachon University in South Korea. Her teaching and research interests include the effects of media and technology in teaching and learning English and media literacy. She’s been on the editorial board of Global Education Review since 2013, has been a reader for EV Fair proposals at the TESOL convention since 2013, and a PC member for ICALT 2016.

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Mingyue Wang

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Mingyue Wang is a graduate of the M.S.Ed Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages at Penn GSE, and now works as an EFL instructor at an International Program in a secondary school in Beijing, China. She taught EFL in China before she came to the U.S., and has taught adult English language learners in PEDAL@GSE in Philadelphia for two years. She also taught ESL to lower school students for one year at a local after school program in Philadelphia. Students she has taught came from various parts of the world, such as Korea, Turkey, China, India, Saudi Arabia, Iran, etc.

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Udambor Bumandalai

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Udambor Bumandalai is an ESL/TESL instructor at Snow College in Ephraim, Utah. She teaches both ESL and TESL courses. She holds a BA in English and Russian Teaching and Translating from Oyu Foreign Language College in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, a BA in Linguistics from Brigham Young University, and an MA in TESOL from Brigham Young University. She has over ten years of English teaching experience in Mongolia and the USA. Her academic interests include developing listening and speaking skills in second language learners, teacher training and professional development, and CALL.

E-mail address:

November interviewers: Hami Suzuki and Terry Doyle

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Dr. Minh-hoa Ta

photo(3)Dr. Minh-hoa Ta is currently the Dean of the City College of San Francisco (CCSF), Chinatown North Beach Center. She joined CCSF in 1989, as a counseling faculty member of the CCSF Extended Opportunity Program and Services (EOPS) Department and Asian American Studies Department and as Co-Founder/Director of the Asian Pacific American Student Success (APASS) Retention Center. Prior to her current position, she worked with youth and immigrant education development in the San Francisco Bay Area for many years. She has also held positions as the Principal Investigator for the first U. S. Department of Education Asian American and Native American Pacific Islander-serving institutions (ANNAPISI) Grant, as the Dean of Instruction and as the Dean of the School of ESL, International Student and Transitional Studies. Minh-hoa taught at San Francisco State University (SFSU) in the college of Ethnic Studies for 16 years. She was the Co-Founder and Co-Director of the Vietnamese American Studies Center at SFSU. She currently serves as the Chair of the University of California at San Francisco’s Vietnamese Community Health Promotion Project and as the honorable Principal of Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine USA campus.

Minh-hoa earned her Doctorate in International and Multi-Cultural Education from the University of San Francisco (USF). She holds an MSW in Social Work Education from San Francisco State University, a B.A. in Social Welfare and a B.A. in Asian American Studies from the University of California at Berkeley (UCB). E-mail address:

September interviewer: Terry Doyle with a lot of assistance from Geeta Aneja

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Dr. Nathanael Rudolph




Nathanael Rudolph is an Assistant Professor in the Department of English at Mukogawa Women’s University in Nishinomiya, Japan. His research interests include postmodern and poststructural approaches to language, culture and identity, equity in the field of English language teaching, and the contextualization and teaching of English as an international language. He is the current co-editor of the TESOL NNEST Interest Section Newsletter.

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Olga Chaves Carballo

Dra Olga Chaves Carballo

Olga Chaves Carballo, Ph.D.

Professor Olga Chaves-Carballo is a full professor at the Escuela de Literatura y Ciencias del Lenguaje, Universidad Nacional, Heredia, Costa Rica. She holds a Ph.D in Education with Emphasis in Pedagogical Mediation from the Universidad de la Salle, Costa Rica, a Master’s Degree in Teaching English as a Second Language and Educational Administration from Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, Illinois, USA. She has been teaching for more than 30 years from primary school to higher education.

At Universidad Nacional she has taught different courses for the English majors and the Master’s program and now she is the coordinator of the Accreditation Committee and a member of the Committee of Academic Development. She was also a teacher trainer for el Plan Nacional de Inglés CONARE-MEP for 5 years. She was a member of the social justice project Think, Share and Act (TSA) for three years. She is also a researcher in professional development, teacher training, global education, and teaching skills. Her work has been published in the Global Issues in Language Education Newsletter from Japan, Linguagem e Ensino from Brazil and journals from Universidad Nacional, University of Costa Rica, Instituto Tecnológico and Universidad Latinoamericana de Ciencias y Tecnología. Her interests are volunteering, learning Italian and Mandarin, reading, writing and traveling. She can be contacted at

June, 2015

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